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Word Type

This tool allows you to find the grammatical word type of almost any word.

  • butt can be used as a verb in the sense of "To strike bluntly, particularly with the head."
  • butt can be used as a noun in the sense of "The buttocks; used as a euphemism, less objectionable than arse/ass" or "The whole buttocks and pelvic region that includes one's private parts." or "Body; self." or "A used cigarette." or "The larger or thicker end of anything; the blunt end, in distinction from the sharp end; as, the butt of a rifle. Formerly also spelled but." or "A limit; a bound; a goal; the extreme bound; the end." or "A mark to be shot at; a target." or "A piece of land left unplowed at the end of a field." or "A person at whom ridicule, jest, or contempt is directed." or "A push, thrust, or sudden blow, given by the head; a head butt." or "A thrust in fencing." or "The plastic or rubber cap used to cover the open end of a lacrosse stick's shaft in order to prevent injury." or "The portion of a half-coupling fastened to the end of a hose." or "The end of a connecting rod or other like piece, to which the boxing is attached by the strap, cotter, and gib." or "A joint where the ends of two objects come squarely together without scarfing or chamfering; – also called a butt joint." or "A kind of hinge used in hanging doors, etc., so named because it is attached to the inside edge of the door and butts against the casing, instead of on its face, like the strap hinge; also called butt hinge." or "The joint where two planks in a strake meet." or "The thickest and stoutest part of tanned oxhides, used for soles of boots, harness, trunks." or "The hut or shelter of the person who attends to the targets in rifle practice." or "An English measure of capacity for liquids, containing 126 wine gallons which is one-half tun; equivalent to the pipe." or "A wooden cask for storing wine, usually containing 126 gallons." or "Any of various flatfish such as sole, plaice or turbot" or "hassock."

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Word Type

For those interested in a little info about this site: it's a side project that I developed while working on Describing Words and Related Words. Both of those projects are based around words, but have much grander goals. I had an idea for a website that simply explains the word types of the words that you search for - just like a dictionary, but focussed on the part of speech of the words. And since I already had a lot of the infrastructure in place from the other two sites, I figured it wouldn't be too much more work to get this up and running.

The dictionary is based on the amazing Wiktionary project by wikimedia. I initially started with WordNet, but then realised that it was missing many types of words/lemma (determiners, pronouns, abbreviations, and many more). This caused me to investigate the 1913 edition of Websters Dictionary - which is now in the public domain. However, after a day's work wrangling it into a database I realised that there were far too many errors (especially with the part-of-speech tagging) for it to be viable for Word Type.

Finally, I went back to Wiktionary - which I already knew about, but had been avoiding because it's not properly structured for parsing. That's when I stumbled across the UBY project - an amazing project which needs more recognition. The researchers have parsed the whole of Wiktionary and other sources, and compiled everything into a single unified resource. I simply extracted the Wiktionary entries and threw them into this interface! So it took a little more work than expected, but I'm happy I kept at it after the first couple of blunders.

Special thanks to the contributors of the open-source code that was used in this project: the UBY project (mentioned above), @mongodb and express.js.

Currently, this is based on a version of wiktionary which is a few years old. I plan to update it to a newer version soon and that update should bring in a bunch of new word senses for many words (or more accurately, lemma).

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