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Word Type

This tool allows you to find the grammatical word type of almost any word.

  • top can be used as a noun in the sense of "That part of an object furthest away in the opposite direction from that in which an unsupported object would fall." or "The part viewed, or intended to be viewed, nearest the edge of the visual field normally occupied by the uppermost visible objects." or "A lid, cap or cover of a container." or "A garment worn to cover the torso." or "A child's spinning toy; a spinning top" or "A framework at the top of a ship's mast to which rigging is attached" or "The first half of an inning, during which the home team fields and the visiting team bats." or "A dominant partner in a BDSM relationship or roleplay." or "A gay man who likes take an active sexual role rather than a passive role (e.g. to penetrate in anal sex rather than be penetrated)."
  • top can be used as a verb in the sense of "To cover on the top or with a top." or "To cut or remove the top (as of a tree)" or "To excel, to beat." or "To kill, murder." or "To be the dominant partner in a BDSM relationship or roleplay." or "To be the partner who penetrates in anal sex."
  • top can be used as a adverb in the sense of "Rated first."
  • top can be used as a adjective in the sense of "best."

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Word Type

For those interested in a little info about this site: it's a side project that I developed while working on Describing Words and Related Words. Both of those projects are based around words, but have much grander goals. I had an idea for a website that simply explains the word types of the words that you search for - just like a dictionary, but focussed on the part of speech of the words. And since I already had a lot of the infrastructure in place from the other two sites, I figured it wouldn't be too much more work to get this up and running.

The dictionary is based on the amazing Wiktionary project by wikimedia. I initially started with WordNet, but then realised that it was missing many types of words/lemma (determiners, pronouns, abbreviations, and many more). This caused me to investigate the 1913 edition of Websters Dictionary - which is now in the public domain. However, after a day's work wrangling it into a database I realised that there were far too many errors (especially with the part-of-speech tagging) for it to be viable for Word Type.

Finally, I went back to Wiktionary - which I already knew about, but had been avoiding because it's not properly structured for parsing. That's when I stumbled across the UBY project - an amazing project which needs more recognition. The researchers have parsed the whole of Wiktionary and other sources, and compiled everything into a single unified resource. I simply extracted the Wiktionary entries and threw them into this interface! So it took a little more work than expected, but I'm happy I kept at it after the first couple of blunders.

Special thanks to the contributors of the open-source code that was used in this project: the UBY project (mentioned above), @mongodb and express.js.

Currently, this is based on a version of wiktionary which is a few years old. I plan to update it to a newer version soon and that update should bring in a bunch of new word senses for many words (or more accurately, lemma).

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