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Word Type

This tool allows you to find the grammatical word type of almost any word.

  • bill can be used as a verb in the sense of "To dig, chop, etc., with a bill." or "To peck." or "To stroke bill against bill, with reference to doves; to caress in fondness." or "To advertise by a bill or public notice." or "To charge; to send a bill to."
  • bill can be used as a noun in the sense of "Any of various bladed or pointed hand weapons, originally designating an Anglo-Saxon sword, and later a weapon of infantry, especially in the 14th and 15th centuries. A common form of bill consisted of a broad, heavy, double-edged, hook-shaped blade, having a short pike at the back and another at the top, and attached to the end of a long staff." or "A cutting instrument, with hook-shaped point, and fitted with a handle, used in pruning, etc.; a billhook." or "Somebody armed with a bill; a bill-man." or "The extremity of the arm of an anchor; the point of or beyond the fluke." or "The beak of a bird, especially when small or flattish; sometimes also used with reference to a turtle, platypus, or other animal." or "A beak-like projection, especially a promontory." or "A written list or inventory. (Now obsolete except in specific senses or set phrases; bill of lading, bill of goods, etc.)" or "A document, originally sealed; a formal statement or official memorandum. (Now obsolete except with certain qualifying words; bill of health, bill of sale etc.)" or "A draft of a law, presented to a legislature for enactment; a proposed or projected law." or "A declaration made in writing, stating some wrong the complainant has suffered from the defendant, or a fault committed by some person against a law." or "A piece of paper money; a banknote." or "A written note of goods sold, services rendered, or work done, with the price or charge; an invoice." or "A paper, written or printed, and posted up or given away, to advertise something, as a lecture, a play, or the sale of goods; a placard; a poster; a handbill." or "A writing binding the signer or signers to pay a certain sum at a future day or on demand, with or without interest, as may be stated in the document. A bill of exchange. In the United States, it is usually called a note, a note of hand, or a promissory note."

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Word Type

For those interested in a little info about this site: it's a side project that I developed while working on Describing Words and Related Words. Both of those projects are based around words, but have much grander goals. I had an idea for a website that simply explains the word types of the words that you search for - just like a dictionary, but focussed on the part of speech of the words. And since I already had a lot of the infrastructure in place from the other two sites, I figured it wouldn't be too much more work to get this up and running.

The dictionary is based on the amazing Wiktionary project by wikimedia. I initially started with WordNet, but then realised that it was missing many types of words/lemma (determiners, pronouns, abbreviations, and many more). This caused me to investigate the 1913 edition of Websters Dictionary - which is now in the public domain. However, after a day's work wrangling it into a database I realised that there were far too many errors (especially with the part-of-speech tagging) for it to be viable for Word Type.

Finally, I went back to Wiktionary - which I already knew about, but had been avoiding because it's not properly structured for parsing. That's when I stumbled across the UBY project - an amazing project which needs more recognition. The researchers have parsed the whole of Wiktionary and other sources, and compiled everything into a single unified resource. I simply extracted the Wiktionary entries and threw them into this interface! So it took a little more work than expected, but I'm happy I kept at it after the first couple of blunders.

Special thanks to the contributors of the open-source code that was used in this project: the UBY project (mentioned above), @mongodb and express.js.

Currently, this is based on a version of wiktionary which is a few years old. I plan to update it to a newer version soon and that update should bring in a bunch of new word senses for many words (or more accurately, lemma).

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