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Word Type

This tool allows you to find the grammatical word type of almost any word.

  • stop can be used as a adverb in the sense of "Prone to halting or hesitation."
  • stop can be used as a verb in the sense of "To cease moving." or "To come to an end." or "To cause (something) to cease moving or progressing." or "To cause (something) to come to an end." or "To close or block an opening." or "To adjust the aperture of a camera lens." or "To stay a while." or "To tarry."
  • stop can be used as a noun in the sense of "A (usually marked) place where line buses or trams halt to let passengers get on and off." or "An action of stopping; interruption of travel." or "A device intended to block the path of a moving object; as, a door stop." or "A consonant sound in which the passage of air through the mouth is temporarily blocked by the lips, tongue, or glottis." or "A symbol used for purposes of punctuation and representing a pause or separating clauses, particularly a full stop, comma, colon or semicolon." or "Short for a stopper, used in the phrase 'pull out all the stops'." or "A function that halts playback or recording in devices such as videocassette and DVD player." or "A button that activates the stop function." or "A knob or pin used to regulate the flow of air in an organ." or "A very short shot which touches the ground close behind the net and is intended to bounce as little as possible." or "The depression in a dog's face between the skull and the nasal bones." or "An f-stop."

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Word Type

For those interested in a little info about this site: it's a side project that I developed while working on Describing Words and Related Words. Both of those projects are based around words, but have much grander goals. I had an idea for a website that simply explains the word types of the words that you search for - just like a dictionary, but focussed on the part of speech of the words. And since I already had a lot of the infrastructure in place from the other two sites, I figured it wouldn't be too much more work to get this up and running.

The dictionary is based on the amazing Wiktionary project by wikimedia. I initially started with WordNet, but then realised that it was missing many types of words/lemma (determiners, pronouns, abbreviations, and many more). This caused me to investigate the 1913 edition of Websters Dictionary - which is now in the public domain. However, after a day's work wrangling it into a database I realised that there were far too many errors (especially with the part-of-speech tagging) for it to be viable for Word Type.

Finally, I went back to Wiktionary - which I already knew about, but had been avoiding because it's not properly structured for parsing. That's when I stumbled across the UBY project - an amazing project which needs more recognition. The researchers have parsed the whole of Wiktionary and other sources, and compiled everything into a single unified resource. I simply extracted the Wiktionary entries and threw them into this interface! So it took a little more work than expected, but I'm happy I kept at it after the first couple of blunders.

Special thanks to the contributors of the open-source code that was used in this project: the UBY project (mentioned above), @mongodb and express.js.

Currently, this is based on a version of wiktionary which is a few years old. I plan to update it to a newer version soon and that update should bring in a bunch of new word senses for many words (or more accurately, lemma).

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