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Word Type

This tool allows you to find the grammatical word type of almost any word.

  • catch can be used as a noun in the sense of "The act of seizing or capturing." or "The act of catching an object in motion, especially a ball." or "The act of noticing, understanding or hearing." or "The game of catching a ball." or "A find, in particular a boyfriend or girlfriend or prospective spouse." or "Something which is captured or caught." or "The amount which is caught, especially of fish." or "A stopping mechanism, especially a clasp which stops something from opening." or "A hesitation in voice, caused by strong emotion." or "A concealed difficulty, especially in a deal or negotiation." or "A crick; a sudden muscle pain during unaccustomed positioning when the muscle is in use." or "A fragment of music or poetry." or "A state of readiness to capture or seize; an ambush." or "A crop which has germinated and begun to grow." or "A type of humorous round in which the voices gradually catch up with one another; usually sung by men and often having bawdy lyrics." or "The refrain; a line or lines of a song which are repeated from verse to verse." or "The act of catching a hit ball before it reaches the ground, resulting in an out." or "A player in respect of his catching ability; particularly one who catches well." or "The first contact of an oar with the water." or "A stoppage of breath, resembling a slight cough."
  • catch can be used as a verb in the sense of "To seize a moving object, with the hands or otherwise." or "To capture or snare, especially an animal." or "To seize after a pursuit." or "To grasp mentally: perceive and understand." or "To attract and hold." or "To charm or entrance." or "To discover, to surprise in the act." or "To seize (an opportunity)." or "To take in; to watch or listen to (an entertainment)." or "To be in time for; to reach in time (especially, in time to leave)." or "To travel by means of." or "To spread or be conveyed to." or "To be infected by." or "To be affected by; to join in." or "To regain something necessary, such as breath or sleep." or "To overtake or catch up to." or "To receive and retain." or "To have something be held back or impeded." or "To suffer from; to receive." or "To reproduce or echo a spirit or idea faithfully." or "To engage, stick, or latch." or "To make a grasping or snatching motion." or "To catch fire; to ignite." or "To be held back or impeded." or "To hesitate, as if momentarily stuck." or "To spread by contagion." or "To serve well or poorly for catching, especially for catching fish." or "To hit someone in a specific place." or "To be hit by something." or "To touch or be touched by, especially wind or light." or "To entrap or trip up a person, especially deceptively." or "To become pregnant." or "To marry or enter into a similar relationship with a man." or "To handle an exception." or "To play a specific period of time as the catcher." or "To end a player's innings by catching a hit ball before the first bounce." or "To lower one's oars into the water at the beginning of the stroke." or "To contact a wave in such a way that one can ride it back to shore." or "To deliver or assist in the delivery of a baby." or "To germinate and set down roots." or "To turn over." or "To receive wind; to be blown on."

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Word Type

For those interested in a little info about this site: it's a side project that I developed while working on Describing Words and Related Words. Both of those projects are based around words, but have much grander goals. I had an idea for a website that simply explains the word types of the words that you search for - just like a dictionary, but focussed on the part of speech of the words. And since I already had a lot of the infrastructure in place from the other two sites, I figured it wouldn't be too much more work to get this up and running.

The dictionary is based on the amazing Wiktionary project by wikimedia. I initially started with WordNet, but then realised that it was missing many types of words/lemma (determiners, pronouns, abbreviations, and many more). This caused me to investigate the 1913 edition of Websters Dictionary - which is now in the public domain. However, after a day's work wrangling it into a database I realised that there were far too many errors (especially with the part-of-speech tagging) for it to be viable for Word Type.

Finally, I went back to Wiktionary - which I already knew about, but had been avoiding because it's not properly structured for parsing. That's when I stumbled across the UBY project - an amazing project which needs more recognition. The researchers have parsed the whole of Wiktionary and other sources, and compiled everything into a single unified resource. I simply extracted the Wiktionary entries and threw them into this interface! So it took a little more work than expected, but I'm happy I kept at it after the first couple of blunders.

Special thanks to the contributors of the open-source code that was used in this project: the UBY project (mentioned above), @mongodb and express.js.

Currently, this is based on a version of wiktionary which is a few years old. I plan to update it to a newer version soon and that update should bring in a bunch of new word senses for many words (or more accurately, lemma).

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